Module 1 – Proactive Mindset

Observation | Human Dimensions | S.T.A.R. 


Instructor | P.R.A.Y. course

1. Conduct Observation 

Observation Methodology –Observation, acquisition, and recording of specific information that is relevant to the perception of details regarding persons, objects, places, and events.

2. Establish a Baseline

Baseline – Looking at the current situation, understanding the context and relevance of what’s being observed. Measuring what is normal against what is not normal

3. Identify Anomalies

 • Anomalies – observation that rises above or fall below the baseline

4. Identify Anchor Points

• Anchor Points – place where a person returns to regularity (desk, group clicks, teacher’s lounge, etc.)

5. Identify Habitual Areas

• Habitual Areas – Identifying areas where specific groups of people are frequent.

Human Dimensions 

Instructor | P.R.A.Y. course

B. Human Dimensions

1. Apply the Five Human Dimensions

  • Kinesics – interpretation of body movement, gestures, grooming habits, and the body positioning in space.
  • Biometric Cues – interpretation of physiological reaction (instinctive reactions to stimulants). Understanding these indicators will warn of intent.
  • Proxemics – Interpretation of spatial relationships with the context of cultural normalcy’s.
  • Atmospherics – Interpretation of the environmental baseline through the 5 senses and intuitions.
  • Geographics – Interpretation of the relationship between people and their surroundings.

2. Apply Coopers Color Code

  • White – Relaxed and unaware of what’s going on around you.
  • Yellow – Relaxed and aware of what’s going on around you.
  • Orange – Identified and focused on something of interest that may or may not be a threat
  • Red – Attention from a potential threat to a potential target.
  • Black – Completely immobilized with panic and fear.


Instructor | P.R.A.Y. course

C. Stop | Think |Act |Reassess |(S.T.A.R.)

1. Apply S.T.A.R.

  • Stop – Short pause for a developing potential threatening situation.
  • Think – Develop a plan to deal with situation.
  • Act – Execution of a plan.
  • Reassess – Looking for the next potential threatening situation.

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